The exchange started with an overview of the envisaged constitutional amendments to be adopted by the Uzbek people on 30 April 2023. Human rights, rule of law processes as well as the right to a "clean environment" are to be given more consideration in the new constitution of Uzbekistan. This is part of President Mirziyoyev's political and economic reform programme "Development Strategy for a New Uzbekistan 2022-2026".
Good relations with neighbouring countries are of central importance for Uzbekistan. Furthermore, the European Union and especially Germany, as the largest investor in Central Asia, have been identified as particularly important partners. With regard to relations with the neighbouring state of Afghanistan, it was emphasised that despite the current difficult human rights situation in the country under the rule of the Taliban, dialogue should not end.
Uzbekistan's position on the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine was described by the delegation as neutral. However, Uzbekistan attaches great importance to respecting the territorial integrity of all states. Russia is an important trading partner of Uzbekistan, but the country is striving to diversify its trade relations.
The discussion was moderated by IEP Director Dr Katrin Böttger.