Seventeen years after the big bang enlargement and with the start of the Conference on the Future of Europe (CoFoE), the European Union (EU) and the Western Balkan countries are facing the challenge of a rule of law backsliding. The rule of law backsliding is not only posing a risk for the EU’s internal democratic foundation but also contributes to the argumentation of a de facto hold on all future enlargements of the EU.
The Policy Brief seeks to put forward three recommendations that take account of the current state of the EU, the rule of law situation and democratic backsliding of the pre-accession countries in the Western Balkans.
First, rule of law and enlargement must be put high on the agenda of the Conference on the Future of the Europe as it is also about the future of the Western Balkans. Second, the EU needs to increase efforts to promote the rule of law in the Western Balkans and call democratic backsliding by its name, including more substantial political consequences. Third, the EU needs to pursue the renewal of transatlantic cooperation for this purpose with regard of the increasingly competitive influence of anti-liberal actors in the region.
The Policy Brief is published in the framework of the WB2EU-Project. The project aims at the establishment of a network of renowned think-tanks, do-tanks, universities, higher education institutes and policy centres from the Western Balkans, neighbouring countries and EU member states that will be most decisive for the enlargement process and Europeanisation of the region in the upcoming years. The WB2EU project is co-funded by the European Commission under its Erasmus+ Jean Monnet programme.