Third Ukraine Breakfast Debate 2017: Yegor Stadny on the reforms in the education sector
The third breakfast debate within the framework of the project “Platform for Analytics and Intercultural Communication” (PAIC) took place at the Institute for European Politics in Berlin on 14 December. The new law “On Education” which has been adopted in September 2017 was the focus of the event. Yegor Stadny from the think tank CEDOS led into the main aspects of the education law and the education reform in Ukraine and addressed its achievements and challenges.
Under the framework of the talk, three topics were presented: Reforms in school and higher education as well as the decision of the Venice Commission of 11 December 2017 on Article 7 of the education law which regulates the teaching language in schools.
The Ukrainian education reform in the field of school education aims to sustainably increase the level of schools and teaching. Therefore, profound changes are foreseen in various sectors. School education has been extended to 12 years and new skills such as critical thinking or social competences are promoted. The reform plans to decrease the number of schools in rural areas, as the few pupils in sparsely populated regions suffer from low quality teaching. By bundling rural structures into hub-schools the quality of teaching can be improved. The restructuring was accompanied by doubling the teachers’ salaries to make the profession more attractive for young people.
In higher education, universities gained more autonomy and involved students in choosing their own curriculum. By external testing for master programs, particularly in law, bribery could be diminished. The external independent exam for school graduates which was introduced in 2004 is still a positive example which significantly reduced the corruption in higher education. In addition, the ministerial net of responsibilities will be unbundled to contribute to the efficiency of the education system. Challenges remain, however, in the universities’ focus on quantity of students instead of teaching quality and the “National Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education” which was founded in 2015 and still has not become operational.
As a third topic Stadny addressed Article 7 of the education law which regulates the teaching language. The Venice Commission published its decision in this regard on 11 December 2017 which was highly appreciated in Ukraine. The Ukrainian ministry of education thereon proposed a template for minority languages which inherits three options differentiating between native languages (Crimean Tatarian), EU-minority languages and Russian.
The participants of the breakfast debate showed a high interest in the feasibility of the reforms. The discussed questions involved, among others, the balance of responsibilities between the central and local administrations with respect to the decentralization process, the teacher’s willingness to cooperate and the extension of research activities in universities as well as German-Ukrainian cooperation opportunities in the education sector. Further topics included the integration of Internally Displaced People into the education system, the condition of relocated universities which have been moved outside of the conflict zones, and the development of vocational education in Ukraine.
Yegor Stadny is an analyst of the think tank CEDOS which involves in the analysis of public policy in the fields of education, migration, and urban development. The recently published Interview (German/Ukrainian) from the “Klartext”-series with Yegor Stadny is available here. His Power Point Slides from the debate can be accessed here.
The Ukraine Breakfast Debates take place under the project “Platform for Analytics and Intercultural Communication” (PAIC) at the Institute for European Politics (IEP) in Berlin. Designed as a place for discussion, experts from Ukrainian think tanks present current topics which are afterwards discussed with guests over croissants and coffee.
The project “Platform for Analytics and Intercultural Communication” (PAIC) is conducted by the Institute for European Politics e.V. (IEP, Berlin), in cooperation with the International Renaissance Foundation (IRF, Kiev), the der Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation (DIF, Kiev) and the think tank initiative „think twice UA“ (Kiev), supported by the Federal foreign office of Germany in 2017–2018.