Transformation of the European Party System: Reasons and Impact (TeP)
The ninth direct elections to the European Parliament were held in the member states of the European Union from 23 to 26 May 2019. In the run-up to the elections, topics such as the Brexit and the Europe-wide rise of populist and Eurosceptic movements and parties caused a sensation, which met with a broad response both at the level of civil society and at the political level and aroused the interest of research.
The Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP) has launched the project “Transformation of the European Party System: Reasons and Impact” (TeP) on behalf of the Policy Planning of the Federal Foreign Office to investigate the shifts in the European party system. The project focuses on the possible effects of a change in the party system on future possibilities for action of the European Union and its member states.
The project is divided into three successive phases: First, with the help of experts, the respective political situation and possible political transformation potentials in all 28 EU member states were analysed. In the run-up to the European elections on 10 May 2019, the results were discussed and further developed by national and international experts at a workshop organised for this purpose at the Federal Foreign Office. The results were published in an article in issue 3/2019 of the quarterly Journal integration entitled “Die Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament 2019: drei Ursachen für die Transformation im europäischen Parteiensystem” by Johannes Kohls and Manuel Müller. In the second phase, Manuel Müller wrote a post-election analysis which, among other things, analysed the composition of the new European Parliament (2019–2024). The third phase of the project comprises the final study on the orientation of the European Parliament after the formation of the political groups. Especially, the statements of national experts noted in elaborated questionnaires for each member state with a special focus on the effects of the transformation on national European policies and the pan-European discussion on the future of the European Union are considered for the final study.
The TeP project is running from 1 January 2019 to 31 October 2019 under the leadership of Dr. Funda Tekin and Johannes Kohls.