Issue 4/2019 of integration
In separating the notion of integration from programmatic attributions, Frank Schimmelfennig offers interesting reflections on a theoretical new conception for a more future-oriented European integration. Highly topical is Daniel Göler’s and Florence Reiter’s article that deals with the challenges of web-based data storage for European studies. Johannes Müller Gómez and Wulf Reiners take into account the institutional competition between the European Parliament and the European Council ten years after coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty by regarding the intergovernmental and supranational elements of their division of competences. Central to Yvonne Nasshoven’s article about the “Spitzenkandidatenprinzip” is her analysis of the appointment of the President of the European Commission after the 2019 European elections as well as her conclusions drawn from that for possible scenarios in 2024. Based on regional and geopolitical developments as well as lessons learned from the previous Central Asia Strategy, Katrin Böttger, Yvonne Braun and Julian Plottka provide a first assessment of the new strategy from May 2019. Erik Brandes reports on the annual conference of the IEP in September 2019 in Berlin which focused on Germany’s role in Europe.
From Debordering to Rebordering: Crisis and Change in European Integration
The “polycrisis” of the European Union (EU) presents integration research with major conceptual and theoretical challenges. In the interest of an adequate understanding of current developments in European integration, this contribution argues for opening the dominant concept of integration in order to systematically include the integration of the EU’s external boundaries and to overcome its liberal bias. In this perspective, the current change in European integration consists mainly in external rebordering. It constitutes a correction of the pre-crisis type of debordering integration – a correction, which is conducive to the consolidation of European integration in principle.
A Systemic Rivalry? Ten Years of Institutional Competition Between the European Parliament and the European Council
Johannes Müller Gómez and Wulf Reiners
The European Parliament and the European Council have been considered the two winners of the Lisbon Treaty reforms. Through their different structure and democratic legitimacy, the institutions can be understood as the antipodes in a bipolar system. Their struggle for political orientation and leadership shapes the entire system. Against this backdrop, the article examines the competition between the two institutions and the implications for the institutional structure of the European Union (EU). The authors use two theoretical models to examine six arenas of EU decision-making, which were shaped by either of the institutions or by joint action of both of them in the last ten years. The analysis shows that both European Parliament and European Council have had successes. Treaty provisions, the presence of crisis moments and the intra-institutional cohesion are key factors that influence success and failure in the institutional competition.
The “Spitzenkandidatenprinzip” in the European Elections 2019 and Possible Future Scenarios
This contribution examines the process of appointing the President of the European Commission in the aftermath of the European elections 2019. It analyses the interests of the players involved and mirrors these against the backdrop of patterns of earlier nominations. In addition, the article reflects on consequences for the political system of the European Union as a whole, especially with regard to the role of European political parties. The contribution finally develops possible scenarios for future appointments: In general, these could take cooperative or competing formats. In case of furthering supranational elements transnational lists could be used in combination with the “Spitzenkandidaten process”. This would still require a “saut qualitatif” by the European party families.
The EU Central Asia Strategy 2019 – Rather a Framework for Action than a Strategic Document
Katrin Böttger, Yvonne Braun and Julian Plottka
In May 2019, the Council of the European Union (EU) adopted a new Central Asia Strategy. Drivers behind the strategic renewal were transformations in Central Asia, the new geopolitical context, lessons from the implementation of the previous strategy, and the new EU Global Strategy of 2016. With regard to these developments, a number of expectations towards the new strategy derived. Based on an outline of recent developments, the article identifies current challenges and expectations and assesses whether the new strategy lives up to them. It concludes that the 2019 strategy is rather a framework for action than a strategic document. However, its major assets are “flexibility” with regard to future trends and “inclusiveness” in terms of stakeholders’ ownership for the EU’s Central Asia policy. To sustain this ownership, the Central Asia policy needs sufficient funding under the next multiannual financial framework. During programming, the EU has to define clear priorities for bilateral and regional measures. To generate synergies, the EU institutions and member states have to agree on an internal division of labor. Finally, the EU has to put “principled pragmatism” into practice by finding a balance between the promotion of values and interests.
“Let’s Archive!” Web-based Data Storage as a Challenge to European Studies
Daniel Göler and Florence Reiter
Web-based data collections are having a growing impact on European integration research. However, analysing this type of data is becoming increasingly challenging for researchers. A so-called third methodological level can be identified, namely the field of data archiving, which is currently hardly mentioned in the methodological debate. Thus, researchers must deal with web archiving and its technological possibilities and limitations if they want to base their work on web-based data. This is important in order to ensure replicability and reliability while collecting, storing and archiving web-based data, which cannot be covered by traditional methods.
Deutschland in Europa: Hegemon oder ehrlicher Makler?
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