Issue 4/2018 of integration

In the new issue of integration, Björn Hacker discusses the potential of the European Pillar of Social Rights to strengthen the EU’s social dimension. Andreas Wimmel analyses how far party positions in the 19th German Bundestag on the European Commission’s proposal for the deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union corre­spond with the parties’ economic policy guide­lines. Stefanie Schmahl chron­icles the devel­opment of the European Union’s asylum and refugee policy and gives a critical assessment on the current reform initia­tives. Olaf Leiße applies his own concept to explain the different results of the EU’s efforts of Europeanization in the Southern Caucasus. With the reprint of the article “Integration – gestern, heute und morgen” the Institut für Europäische Politik commem­o­rates Heinrich Schneider, who passed away on 1 April 2018 after being the editor and later on the chair of the editorial board of integration for many years.


The European Pillar of Social Rights: Application and Utility

Björn Hacker

It was for the European Semester 2017/2018 that the European Commission included the European Pillar of Social Rights for the first time after its procla­mation. In this framework, the Social Score­board, which accom­panies the pillar, has the potential to outline social problems across the EU. However, this potential is not fully exploited. The member states are reluctant to use it. Budgetary objec­tives as well as those related to increasing the member states’ economic compet­i­tiveness are dominating social objec­tives. Only if social objec­tives are in line with the aims of economic coordi­nation, they have a chance to be included into reform recom­men­da­tions. To achieve the “social ‘triple A’ rating” (Jean-Claude Juncker), the aims set out in the pillar as well as the process of coordi­nation in social policy need to become more binding.

Full text


Party Positions on the Deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union in the 19th German Bundestag

Andreas Wimmel

On 6 December 2017, the European Commission presented a roadmap to develop the Economic and Monetary Union further, which includes the estab­lishment of a European Monetary Fund and the new post of a European Minister of Economy and Finance. In the following months, the initiative has been the subject of some contro­versial plenary debates in the German Bundestag. This article analyses whether party positions on the Commission’s proposal corre­spond more with general attitudes towards European integration or with stances in (national) economic and fiscal policy. The results illus­trate that the positions are almost completely in line with party economic policy guide­lines while the European integration dimension is secondary in the case of conflict. Hence, a return to the pro-European consensus that has charac­terised the German party system for decades cannot be expected since ideological differ­ences in the economic left-right dimension will most likely remain an essential component of party competition.


Reform Options and Trade-offs in the European Union’s Asylum and Refugee Policy

Stefanie Schmahl

The migration movements in recent years have aggra­vated the continuing weaknesses of the Common European Asylum System. In particular, the member states located at the external borders of the European Union have largely been left alone with their respon­si­bility for border control and the imple­men­tation of the asylum procedure. Therefore, there are currently seven legislative proposals from the European Commission aiming, on the one hand, at unifying the legal parameters to strengthen the Common European Asylum System. On the other hand, the proposals tend to overshadow human­i­tarian concerns. Their focus is rather on preventing illegal migration and coping with mass influx. The article chron­icles the devel­opment of the European Union’s asylum and refugee policy and gives a critical assessment on the current reform initiatives.


External Transformation in the Southern Caucasus – Conceptualization of Europeanization Processes in a Heterogeneous Region

Olaf Leiße

Europeanization processes take also place in countries of the Eastern Partnership which do not have an accession perspective. However, the European Union supports actively the trans­for­mation of the post-soviet states and stimu­lates democracy, political and economic stability, and the partic­i­pation of civil society. This contri­bution argues that Europeanization is successful only if domestic actors back this process without concrete incen­tives and if they have the chance to interact. Since the situation in the countries of the Southern Caucasus is quite diverse, Europeanization will probably make the region more heterogeneous.


WIEDERABDRUCK

Heinrich Schneider

Integration – gestern, heute und morgen


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ISSN 0720–5120

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