Issue 2/2019 of integration

Barbara Lippert examines the different models of relationship of the EU with its neigh­bours and shows new forms for future cooper­ation and associ­ation. Christian Calliess also takes the future of the EU into consid­er­ation and pleads for a more flexible working method to reach a more constructive cooper­ation between the member states. Daniel Schade criti­cally analyses the role of the Inter­par­lia­mentary Conference for the CFSP/CSDP for stronger parlia­mentary control within this policy area. Taking into account the EU’s paradigm shift towards China and the leading role of the US in investment screening policies, Jörn-Carsten Gottwald, Joachim Schild und Dirk Schmidt look at the recent devel­opment of the EU investment control regime. The issue also contains a forum article by Friederike Augustin and Jana Schubert summa­rizing the ideas of young Europeans for the future of the EU as first presented in the #EngagEU Manifesto as well as the discussion of these ideas during the #1stYoungCitizens’Convention. Anne Wetzel reviews two publi­ca­tions on the European Neigh­bourhood Policy.

The EU and its Neighbourhood Relations: Established Association Models and New Basic Forms

Barbara Lippert

In this article, the author presents estab­lished models of associ­ation of the European Union (EU) with European third countries. She shows their different strategic perspec­tives, outlines benefits and problems, and examines the potential for devel­oping these relations. Basically, these can go in the direction of expanding or disman­tling partial sectoral integration. In addition, new basic forms of EU neigh­bourhood relations are discussed: the intro­duction of a new status of partial membership in the EU and – inspired by the European Economic Area – the creation of a European political and economic area.

Full text

Future Scenarios and Reform Options for the European Union: From the Commission’s White Paper to a More Flexible Working Method

Christian Calliess

Tackling the ongoing European ‘polycrisis’ has been compli­cated by the lack of a consensus between the Member States and among European citizens about the role they want the European Union (EU) to play, its tasks and its future. A Union that has become more diverse due to enlargement now has to deepen in areas that are highly sensitive domes­ti­cally. Against the backdrop of the scenarios presented in the European Commission’s White Paper on the Future of Europe the author argues for a more flexible working method of the EU. This method should be based on more efficiency by focusing on political prior­ities and imple­menting a new concept of cooper­ative enforcement together with a common under­standing of subsidiarity. Where no consensus can be reached greater flexi­bility and – in the long run – a new archi­tecture of the EU should allow for pioneer groups to move ahead and to lead by positive example.

Parliamentary Control Through Interlinkages? A Critical Analysis of the Role of the Interparliamentary Conference for the CFSP/CSDP

Daniel Schade

The Inter­par­lia­mentary Conference for the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Common Security and Defence Policy (IPC) is a new parlia­mentary body set up after the Treaty of Lisbon which allows to create inter­linkages between parlia­ments in the European Union (EU). It is part of an ongoing process which aims to challenge the executive dominance in EU policy-making in general and in the EU’s foreign and security policy in particular. Consid­ering its sessions and the experi­ences of members of parlia­ments partaking in the Inter­par­lia­mentary Conference to date, this article analyses its value-added to this overar­ching goal. The experi­ences so far suggest that the IPC faces signif­icant practical challenges in contributing to the parlia­mentary scrutiny of the policy areas concerned despite the fact that the format of inter­par­lia­mentary gatherings is a signif­icant innovation in its own right. These challenges arise primarily out of a conflict between the European Parliament and national parlia­ments in the EU, the diversity of national parlia­men­tarism, as well as the differing motiva­tions and skills of the partic­i­pating members of parlia­ments.

The End of Naivety in EU-China Policies? The Reform of the European Investment Control Regime

Jörn-Carsten Gottwald, Joachim Schild and Dirk Schmidt

The European Union (EU) has intro­duced measures to better screen invest­ments from third countries, in particular by enter­prises and state actors of the People’s Republic of China. These measures highlight the profound change in bilateral relations which have turned from “strategic partnership” into “systemic rivalry”. Reacting to new Chinese policies of foreign trade and investment, the EU followed a revision of investment screening policies in the US. The EU has overcome deep splits among member states and estab­lished a new legal Framework at the supra­na­tional level that leaves the ultimate screening and decision-making power to the national level. This paper identifies the changes in Chinese investment and investment policies and highlights key contents of the US legis­lation on investment control before discussing the new EU framework. It inter­prets the new measures as further examples of an increased reliance on state policies instead of market forces – by all partners involved.

Vision or Utopia? Young Ideas for the Future of Europe

Friederike Augustin and Jana Schubert

Although most of the first-time voters and young citizens of the European Union (EU) share a positive attitude towards the EU, less than 30 percent cast their votes in the European elections of 2014. Against this backdrop, this year’s European election campaigns partic­u­larly focused on young people aged 15 to 24. In that sense, the youth partic­i­pation project #EngagEU aimed at motivating young people to vote in the European elections 2019 and at empow­ering them to formulate concrete political demands. Summarised in the manifesto “Young Ideas for the Future of Europe”, their ideas were presented to the public as well as to Federal President Frank-Walter Stein­meier on 30 April 2019 at the #1stYoungCitizens’Convention organised by the Institut für Europäische Politik and discussed with young candi­dates for the European elections. Technology-based solutions to combat climate change and an independent monitoring capacity for EU values and democ­ratic principles are concrete demands that political decision-makers might take up in the aftermath of the European elections.


Anne Wetzel

15 Jahre Europäische Nachbarschaft­spolitik – eine Bestand­sauf­nahme

Directly order integration at Nomos Verlags­ge­sellschaft or in the bookstore.

Prices 2019: Yearly subscription Private (print-edition incl. online access) 78,– €; Yearly subscription for students (print-edition incl. online access) 44,– € (please send proof of enrollment); Yearly subscription for insti­tu­tions (print-edition incl. online access) 148,– €; Single edition 22,– €. All prices include VAT, shipping comes at an additional cost (Shipping cost in Germany 13.65 Euro per year).

ISSN 0720–5120

Publisher: Nomos Verlags­ge­sellschaft – Waldseestr. 3–5 – 76530 Baden-Baden – Tel: +49.7221.2104.0 Fax: +49.7221.2104.27