Issue 1/2019 of integration

In the new issue of integration, Simon Bulmer examines Germany’s potential to assume a hegemonic role within the European Union. Daniel Göler analyses the German strategic culture and its compat­i­bility with the current reform debate about the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The article of Mathias Jopp and Jana Schubert also deals with the CSDP and examines the influence of the new inter­gou­verne­men­talism on the defence capacity of the European Union. Michael Kaeding intro­duces the relatively new research field of EU agencies and gives an overview about the devel­opment and the tasks of these agencies. The issue also contains a summary of the 10th annual meeting of the German-Nordic-Baltic Forum in Stockholm, organised by the Institut für Europäische Politik and the Swedish Institute of Inter­na­tional Affairs. The “Arbeit­skreis Europäische Integration” reports on its Annual Collo­quium 2018 about the European Union as refugee desti­nation.

Germany in the EU: Europe’s Irresistible Hegemon?

Simon Bulmer

Germany has been at the heart of European integration since Chancellor Adenauer’s commitment to “Westbindung” in the early 1950s. In the 2010s it has become the European Union’s (EU) indis­pensable power. Indis­pens­ability has placed respon­si­bil­ities upon the federal government but has also brought increased contro­versy in relation to Germany’s role in the EU: both inter­na­tionally and domes­ti­cally. This contri­bution seeks to take stock of Germany’s role in the EU during an era of increased European and global uncer­tainty. Is it credible to regard Germany as the EU’s hegemon in the 2010s? Further, what are the effects of the more politi­cised nature of European policy in domestic politics on Germany playing such a role?

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The Current CSDP Reform Debate and German Strategic Culture: Between a Culture of Restraint and a European Ambition to Act

Daniel Göler

One of the main reasons for the Common Security and Defence Policy’s (CSDP) limited capacity to act are diverging beliefs within the European Union (EU) concerning the use of military force. Partic­u­larly, the contrast between the current German strategic culture of restraint on one hand and countries more open to military inter­ven­tions on the other can be considered a source of the EU’s past internal frictions. Therefore, from a German point of view, the question of whether German beliefs and tradi­tions concerning security and defence issues are compatible with the current reform agenda of the CSDP is a very signif­icant one. The article aims to analyse this question based on the strategic culture approach.

Level II CSDP: A New Momentum Due to Intergovernmental Integration?

Mathias Jopp und Jana Schubert

Cooper­ation in the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has recently produced a remarkable dynamism when looking at the newly estab­lished Military Planning and Conduct Capability, the European Defence Fund and the Permanent Struc­tured Cooper­ation. This paper examines these in terms of the objec­tives linked to their setting-up, their functioning and strategic impor­tance by taking into account, among others, consid­er­a­tions of the new inter­gov­ern­men­talist approach to explain EU integration. As much as elements described by this school of thought are identi­fiable in CSDP devel­op­ments the question remains whether this will result in improved and opera­tional EU defence capabil­ities and in a strengthened contri­bution to the Atlantic Alliance. The paper argues that much will depend, alongside the functioning of the new mecha­nisms, on the political will of the member states, in particular France and Germany, in forging compro­mises and supporting the future of the CSDP.

EU Agencies – A Research Field in the Making

Michael Kaeding

EU agencies play an important role in shaping European policies. This is also reflected in the academic discourse, which in recent years has scruti­nised a wide variety of aspects of EU agencies – in different ways. This article assesses the current, emerging state of political science research on EU agencies. It is a burgeoning field addressing questions of the emergence, role and function of European agencies as well as their integration into existing insti­tu­tional struc­tures: What are EU agencies; since when and why have they existed; how are they struc­tured; how do they finance themselves; how do they relate to other EU insti­tu­tions and national author­ities? This article offers a descriptive overview of each of these topics to assess more exhaus­tively the current state of research and apparent research gaps. Eventually, the analysis shows that existing research does not always corre­spond to the actual policy-making influence of respective EU agencies.


Sebastian Tetzlaff

Entfal­tungsspiel­räume und Risiken für die europäische Integration


Frédéric Krumbein

Normative Grund­lagen und ökonomische Effekte der unionalen Integration von geflüchteten Menschen

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ISSN 0720–5120

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