Issue 1/2019 of integration
In the new issue of integration, Simon Bulmer examines Germany’s potential to assume a hegemonic role within the European Union. Daniel Göler analyses the German strategic culture and its compatibility with the current reform debate about the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The article of Mathias Jopp and Jana Schubert also deals with the CSDP and examines the influence of the new intergouvernementalism on the defence capacity of the European Union. Michael Kaeding introduces the relatively new research field of EU agencies and gives an overview about the development and the tasks of these agencies. The issue also contains a summary of the 10th annual meeting of the German-Nordic-Baltic Forum in Stockholm, organised by the Institut für Europäische Politik and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs. The “Arbeitskreis Europäische Integration” reports on its Annual Colloquium 2018 about the European Union as refugee destination.
Germany in the EU: Europe’s Irresistible Hegemon?
Germany has been at the heart of European integration since Chancellor Adenauer’s commitment to “Westbindung” in the early 1950s. In the 2010s it has become the European Union’s (EU) indispensable power. Indispensability has placed responsibilities upon the federal government but has also brought increased controversy in relation to Germany’s role in the EU: both internationally and domestically. This contribution seeks to take stock of Germany’s role in the EU during an era of increased European and global uncertainty. Is it credible to regard Germany as the EU’s hegemon in the 2010s? Further, what are the effects of the more politicised nature of European policy in domestic politics on Germany playing such a role?
The Current CSDP Reform Debate and German Strategic Culture: Between a Culture of Restraint and a European Ambition to Act
One of the main reasons for the Common Security and Defence Policy’s (CSDP) limited capacity to act are diverging beliefs within the European Union (EU) concerning the use of military force. Particularly, the contrast between the current German strategic culture of restraint on one hand and countries more open to military interventions on the other can be considered a source of the EU’s past internal frictions. Therefore, from a German point of view, the question of whether German beliefs and traditions concerning security and defence issues are compatible with the current reform agenda of the CSDP is a very significant one. The article aims to analyse this question based on the strategic culture approach.
Level II CSDP: A New Momentum Due to Intergovernmental Integration?
Mathias Jopp und Jana Schubert
Cooperation in the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has recently produced a remarkable dynamism when looking at the newly established Military Planning and Conduct Capability, the European Defence Fund and the Permanent Structured Cooperation. This paper examines these in terms of the objectives linked to their setting-up, their functioning and strategic importance by taking into account, among others, considerations of the new intergovernmentalist approach to explain EU integration. As much as elements described by this school of thought are identifiable in CSDP developments the question remains whether this will result in improved and operational EU defence capabilities and in a strengthened contribution to the Atlantic Alliance. The paper argues that much will depend, alongside the functioning of the new mechanisms, on the political will of the member states, in particular France and Germany, in forging compromises and supporting the future of the CSDP.
EU Agencies – A Research Field in the Making
EU agencies play an important role in shaping European policies. This is also reflected in the academic discourse, which in recent years has scrutinised a wide variety of aspects of EU agencies – in different ways. This article assesses the current, emerging state of political science research on EU agencies. It is a burgeoning field addressing questions of the emergence, role and function of European agencies as well as their integration into existing institutional structures: What are EU agencies; since when and why have they existed; how are they structured; how do they finance themselves; how do they relate to other EU institutions and national authorities? This article offers a descriptive overview of each of these topics to assess more exhaustively the current state of research and apparent research gaps. Eventually, the analysis shows that existing research does not always correspond to the actual policy-making influence of respective EU agencies.
Entfaltungsspielräume und Risiken für die europäische Integration
ARBEITSKREIS EUROPÄISCHE INTEGRATION
Normative Grundlagen und ökonomische Effekte der unionalen Integration von geflüchteten Menschen
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