Issue 4/2017 of integration

In the new issue of integration, Funda Tekin explains the basic principles and concepts of differ­en­tiated integration in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and focuses on the member states’ dilemma between their problem solving instinct and their sover­eignty reflex. Otto Schmuck analyses the White Paper of the Commission on the Future of Europe and the corre­sponding reactions of the heads of state or government of the member states, EU insti­tu­tions, academia and EU citizens. Jana Windwehr and Manuel Wäschle discuss the conse­quences that the European Union’s ongoing and multi­di­men­sional crisis and the associated changes of the European “rules of the game” – summed up under the contro­versial heading New Inter­gov­ern­men­talism – could mean for Europeani­sation processes and research. Neil Winn and Stefan Gänzle discern the impact of the new 2016 Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy on the EU’s evolving strategy towards Central Asia and the South Caucasus by focusing on the changing geopo­litical context as well as domestic factors in the target countries and the EU itself. The issue contains also a summary of the second inter­na­tional conference of the PhD Support Programme ‘The EU, Central Asia and the Caucasus in the Inter­na­tional System’ and the ‘Arbeit­skreis Europäische Integration’ reports on confer­ences about current economic policy challenges for Europe and EU-Turkey relations.


Differentiated Integration in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: Between  Problem Solving Instinct and Sovereignty Reflex

Funda Tekin

The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice is charac­terised by a slow process of commu­ni­tari­sation, a fast expanding acquis commu­nau­taire and a high degree of flexi­bility and differ­en­ti­ation. This article aims at explaining the basic principles and concepts of differ­en­tiated integration in this policy area. In doing so the variances of differ­en­ti­ation shall be highlighted. Furthermore, the article discusses differ­en­tiated integration as tool for necessary reforms in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. The analysis is guided by the general assumption that EU member states face a dilemma between problem solving instinct according to which they seek common solutions to transna­tional problems at the supra­na­tional level and sover­eignty reflex that motivates them to preserve their sover­eignty rights.

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The White Paper of the Commission on the Future of Europe – Integration Policy Classification and Reactions

Otto Schmuck

On 1 March 2017, President Jean-Claude Juncker presented the “White Paper on the Future of Europe” with five scenarios for the devel­opment until 2025. The aim of the Commission was to stimulate and structure a broad public debate. In addition, the Commission published five reflection papers to illus­trate the impact of the scenarios on key policy areas. Heads of state or government of the member states, EU insti­tu­tions, associ­a­tions and EU citizens partic­i­pated in the discussion on the white paper. A special interest in scenario 3 “Those who want more do more” can be identified – also with regard to a possible further devel­opment of the cooper­ation between the Euro countries. In his 2017 State of the Union Speech, Juncker himself supported a mix of scenarios and placed great impor­tance on preventing a split between euro countries and non-euro countries.


More, Less, Different? Europeanisation and Europeanisation Research in Times of Permanent Crisis and the New Intergovernmentalism

Jana Windwehr and Manuel Wäschle

Europeani­sation is an estab­lished concept of European integration theory including a stable framework and numerous empirical areas of appli­cation today. Therefore, it is all the more surprising that – with few excep­tions – there is little debate about the conse­quences that the European Union’s ongoing and multi­di­men­sional crisis and the associated changes of European “rules of the game” implicate for Europeani­sation processes and research. Important changes are discussed under the contro­versial heading New Inter­gov­ern­men­talism whose potential conse­quences for Europeani­sation are discussed in this article. It is argued that under condi­tions of an increasing orien­tation towards national interests, domestic resis­tances as well as a growing infor­mality of European decision-making Europeani­sation processes become more complex. Never­theless, some ambiguity remains concerning a stronger or weaker European influence on national policies. In addition, the upload and interload dimen­sions (the latter under­stood as selective co-operation among single member states) predictably gain in impor­tance.


The Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy – Central Asia and the South Caucasus: From the Pursuit of Values to “Principled Pragmatism”

Neil Winn and Stefan Gänzle

The article discerns the impact of the new 2016 Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS) on the EU’s evolving strategy towards Central Asia and the South Caucasus, two key regions proximate to the EU. The EU now advocates “principled pragmatism” in its external relations. How far will EU policy move away from an emphasis on norms and values and turn towards more pragmatic material interests? Furthermore, the article will assess the process of imple­menting the EUGS in Central Asia and the South Caucasus by focusing on the changing geopo­litical context as well as domestic factors in the target countries and the EU itself.


TAGUNGEN

Tatjana Kuhn und Julian Plottka
Wachsendes Interesse an zwei entle­genen Regionen – Zentralasien und der Südkaukasus in der aktuellen Geopolitik


ARBEITSKREIS EUROPÄISCHE INTEGRATION

Raphael Becker und Helge Braun
Technol­o­gischer Wandel, gesamtwirtschaftliche Stabilität, Demographie und Integration – Heraus­forderungen für die Zukun­fts­fähigkeit Europas

Antje Nötzold
Eine schwierige Partner­schaft in turbu­lenten Zeiten – die Türkei und die Europäische Union


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