integration 2/2016

In this issue of integration, Florian Trauner describes the attempt of the European Commission to push for a new system of refugee distri­b­ution within Europe in order to achieve more solidarity between EU member states. Burkard Steppacher analyses the relations between Switzerland and the European Union, especially taking into account current challenges for the bilateral system. Ingo Take argues for Euro Parties as essential force to counteract the depoliti­cization of the public debate and the disen­chantment of many citizens with regard to European politics. Waldemar Hummer rates the new exemp­tions from the EU law for Great Britain to prevent a Brexit as a funda­mental turning away from the Jean Monnet Method. Annette Knaut’s collective review discusses works on constel­la­tions of space, time and ideas of the political in Europe. The ‘Arbeit­skreis Europäische Integration’ reports on confer­ences about cities and EU energy policy in the 21st century, economic and political relations between the EU and China as well as challenges for Europe and East Asia in the world economy.


How to distribute refugees in Europe – The refugee crisis and the dispute over a paradigm shift in EU asylum policy

Florian Trauner

This article embeds the EU’s attempts to reform its asylum policy in the context of the refugee crisis in a more longi­tu­dinal analysis. It focuses on the question of how the EU has sought to achieve more solidarity between states with high and others with low numbers of refugees. It is argued that the European Union has not managed to make a paradigm shift in this issue, regardless of the ever-increasing problem pressure. The EU was unable to tackle the 2015 refugee crisis within the existing rationale of EU asylum cooper­ation. Thus the European Commission is now pushing for a new system of refugee distri­b­ution within Europe.

full text (german Version)


Swiss European Policy at a Crossroads

Burkard Steppacher

The relations between Switzerland and the European Union have not made substantial progress for years. The hitherto ongoing bilateral process has stalled. Switzerland is asking for further bilateral negoti­a­tions, if applicable in a new package of agree­ments (“Bilat­erale III”); whereas the European Union points to the necessity of a common insti­tu­tional framework to ensure the homogeneity of the relationship. The existing bilateral system is extremely complex and difficult due to the multitude of individual agree­ments. Switzerland’s positive vote on an initiative against mass immigration of February 2014 further impedes relations, because it is incom­patible with the bilateral agree­ments on the free movement of persons.


Political Competition as a Promoter of Legitimacy? Euro Parties in Agonistic Perspective

Ingo Take

This article argues that the lack of identi­fi­cation with the European Union by its citizens is more due to the lack of democ­ratic practice than its insti­tu­tional structure. The former is, according to Chantal Mouffe, marked by disputes about alter­native proposals for problem-solving and defin­i­tions of the common good and was prevented by the long dominating neoliberal paradigm. The claim of a lack of alter­na­tives of neoliberal concepts despite an obvious increase in crisis phenomena has led to a depoliti­cization of the public debate and disen­chantment of many citizens with regard to European politics. Here, it is argued that a compe­tition about alter­native political concepts driven by Europarties will be better suited to increase the interest of EU citizens in European issues, to motivate them for partic­i­pation and to create stronger identi­fi­cation with the European Union than the attempts made so far on the struc­tural level of the Union. So, instead of focusing all reforming endeavors on the democ­ra­ti­zation of the European Union, energies should be concen­trated on the legal, organi­za­tional and material strength­ening of Europarties and their internal profile.


Implications of the Concessions to the United Kingdom to prevent a Brexit

Waldemar Hummer

On 23 June 2016, the British citizens decide about their country’s EU membership. In order to gain a majority in favour of the EU membership the British Prime Minister David Cameron negotiated further opt-outs from EU law for Great Britain, in addition to those already existing. At the example of the negotiated British exemption from the objective of ‘an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe’, which numerous observers have dismissed as a solely symbolic concession, the article shows that this in fact consti­tutes a funda­mental turning away from the Jean Monnet Method. If the new excep­tional regula­tions for Great Britain set a precedent among other ‘dissat­isfied’ member states, the article sees the danger of a European integration proceeding not only with different speeds, but also in different direc­tions.


Literatur

Annette Knaut
Auf der Suche nach Europa: neue Publika­tionen zu Konstel­la­tionen von Raum, Zeit und Ideen des Politischen


ARBEITSKREIS EUROPÄISCHE INTEGRATION

Jörg Kemmerzell und Anne Tews
Energiesicherheit, Nachhaltigkeit und Wettbewerb – Städte als Mitgestalter der europäischen Energiepolitik

Thomas Osowski und Dominik Kronen
Die wirtschaftlichen und politischen Beziehungen zwischen der EU und China

Ansgar Belke und Gunther Schnabl
Europa und Ostasien stehen vor großen Heraus­forderungen in der Weltwirtschaft#


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