In this issue of integration, Christian Rauh and Michael Zürn describe the politicization of the European Union and its potential to create a more democratic path of European integration. Oliver Höing illustrates the constraints of the European Stability Mechanism concerning the stabilization of the Euro zone. Ludwig Gramlich and Claudia Conen discuss new alternative solutions for the procedure of investor-state dispute settlement. Elmar Brok elaborates four megatrends and self-made problems as greatest threats to the existence of the European Union. Marius Michalski’s collective review discusses works on the European parliamentary election of 2014 and a further one by Christoph Schewe textbooks on European Union law. The ‘Arbeitskreis Europäische Integration’ reports on conferences about politicization and Europeanization as well as federal perspectives in the ongoing EU reform debate and on the ceremonial act in honour of Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. mult Peter-Christian Müller-Graff.
The Politicization of the European Union as an Opportunity
Christian Rauh and Michael Zürn
Not the least during the Euro crisis, the European Union has become subject to open public contestation. This politicization creates opposition to European institutions and their policies, but it also raises public awareness about the relevance and the potential of political decision-making beyond the nation state. Europe thus faces a critical juncture: On the one hand, the traditionally technocratic path of European integration seems hardly promising anymore. On the other hand, public politicization creates the necessary conditions to set European integration on a more democratic path. The long term effects of the politicization will depend on whether supranational and national political elites are able and willing to offer institutional channels for societal debates on European integration.
Neither Stability nor Transfer Union: The European Stability Mechanism in a Reformed Monetary Union
The creation of the European Stability Mechanism and the Fiscal Compact in 2012 was intended to stabilise the Euro zone permanently. In the public debate, both institutions represent different concepts of the Economic and Monetary Union: On one hand, a rule-based stability union and on the other a transfer union based on solidarity. Both concepts constitute a field of tension. This article intends to demonstrate that the European Stability Mechanism – despite its immense financial contributions – will not stabilise the Euro zone in the long run. It lends itself to neither of the two described concepts and should better be understood as a European Monetary Fund which solely borrows money to states that are in principle solvent.
Investor-State Dispute Settlement – Search for New Solutions
Ludwig Gramlich and Claudia Conen
Disputes between a foreign investor and a host country arising out of governmental measures regarding foreign investments have been resolved by intergovernmental arbitration for several decades. Triggered by TTIP, investor-state dispute settlement is under social and particularly under international political scrutiny. Currently, new issues are being discussed with regard to institutional aspects reflecting long-, medium- and short-term measures. Procedural alternatives, such as mediation procedures, need to be involved in the discussion. However, new solutions have to be supported by as many intergovernmental actors as possible. Nevertheless, the solution cannot conflict with minimum standards of fair and impartial process.
2016 – a Fateful Year for the EU?
Given the number of challenges the EU faces today the fundamentals of European integration are in danger for the first time in EU history. But let us be clear: the EU is not the problem but the solution to the given problems! Europe is at cross-roads today and more Europe is needed, especially with regard to four megatrends: the changing world order, current and future migration flows, digital economy, and energy supplies. However, Europe also faces challenges from inside and self-made problems are main obstacles to future- oriented policies: member states have to accept that national solutions to face existing and upcoming challenges are not efficient. Therefore, politicians in the EU member states should work on long-term solutions on the EU level instead of window dressing on the national level. The potential of the Lisbon Treaty has to be fully used for effective EU policy-making and equally important: greater participation of the European citizens is imperative.
full text (german version)
2014 – die erste „echte“ Europawahl?
Herangehensweisen und Konzepte neuerer Lehrbücher zum Recht der Europäischen Union
ARBEITSKREIS EUROPÄISCHE INTEGRATION
Europa in Zeiten von Politisierung und Europäisierung
Föderale Perspektiven in der aktuellen EU-Reformdebatte
Lena Gerold und Thomas Raff
Übergabe der Festschrift an Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Peter-Christian Müller-Graff
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