integration 1/2015

In this issue of integration Waldemar Hummer analyses, whether the Investor to State Dispute Settlement procedure in the EU Agree­ments TTIP, CETA and TISA have damaging effects on democracy and legit­imacy and how the EU reacts to the European Citizens’ Initiative “Stop TTIP”. Werner Hoyer identifies critical weaknesses in the financing of innov­ative companies as well as for research, devel­opment and infra­structure in Europe and illus­trates how the EIB and the investment plan for Europe may help to tackle these struc­tural weaknesses. Furthermore, the negoti­a­tions on the European banking union are analysed as well as the impact of the intro­duction of “Spitzenkan­di­daten” in the European elections 2014 on the political system of the EU. A book review describes the author’s plea for a European common good and several conference reports focus on EU mixed agree­ments, EU relations to the southern Mediter­ranean and to the Caucasus.


What is TTIP’s, CETA’s and TISA’s Common Denominator? ‘Investor-To-State Dispute Settlement’ (ISDS) a Controversial Element in EU Free Trade Agreements

Waldemar Hummer

At present the European Union is in the process of negoti­ating a series of Free Trade Agree­ments with the USA (TTIP), with Canada (CETA) as well as with 22 other WTO States (TISA) – all of which contain Investor-to-state dispute settle­ments (ISDS). The ISDS arbitration agree­ments have been facing growing resis­tance within civil society. Civil society has found that the agree­ments’ effects can vitiate democracy and may be devoid of legit­imacy. Spear­heading popular resis­tance against the agree­ments is the movement ‘Stop TTIP’. This article examines the dissenting allega­tions and scruti­nizes their plausi­bility. In conclusion, recom­men­da­tions to better furnish the ISDS arbitration procedure are brought forth and the problem’s complexity is illus­trated by using a current legal case which touches upon EU law, public inter­na­tional law, specif­i­cally juris­diction in arbitration matters, and national law.


European Integration after the ‘Spitzenkandidaten’: The New Dynamics of EU Leadership Change

Thomas Chris­tiansen

The Lisbon Treaty intro­duced a small but signif­icant change to the appointment procedure of the European Commission President, namely the requirement for the candidate proposed by the European Council to be elected by the European Parliament. Even though this was on paper only a minor modifi­cation of the existing procedure under which the EP had to consent to the member states’ chosen candidate, this reform had never­theless the potential for wide-ranging reper­cus­sions within the EU’s evolving political system. This article examines the impact that these changes have had on the dynamics of electoral politics and executive appoint­ments in the EU, arguing that while there has been a greater degree of politi­ci­sation, this has not resulted in the estab­lishment of tradi­tional left/right politics expected from the experience of national politics. Instead, the – somewhat paradoxical – effect of the intro­duction of the Spitzenkan­di­daten system has been to cement the grand coalition in the EP and a strength­ening of the supra­na­tional insti­tu­tions vis-à-vis the member states.


Banking Union as the Crowning of Economic and Monetary Union?

David Howarth and Lucia Quaglia

Following a short overview of the main elements of Banking Union, this article analyses the positions of Germany, France and the EU insti­tu­tions with regard to the negoti­a­tions on two of the most important elements agreed: the Single Super­visory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM). This article highlights the different approaches and lines of conflict on the central­i­sation of compe­tences, legal basis, and, in case of the SRM, the sources of funding.


What Can We Do to Restore Europe’s Competitiveness?

Werner Hoyer

Produc­tivity growth in Europe has trailed other leading economies since the 1990s, under­mining the ability of European firms to compete in the global market­place. Compet­i­tiveness depends on the capacity of firms to drive and adapt to change through the devel­opment and integration of new products and processes, as well as on the growth of new innov­ative firms. This change process is affected by insti­tu­tional and market condi­tions, human capital avail­ability, quality of infra­structure and the capacity of the financial system to efficiently allocate resources. This article identifies critical gaps in EU financing of young innov­ative companies, as well as in research and devel­opment activity and the infra­structure founda­tions of compet­i­tiveness. It outlines how the EIB and the Investment Plan for Europe are making an important contri­bution to addressing these struc­tural short­comings.


LITERATUR

Hartmut Marhold

Was hält Europa in der Krise zusammen? Plädoyer für ein europäisches Gemeinwohl


TAGUNGEN

Karin Göldner und Funda Tekin

Aktuelle Heraus­forderungen für die deutsche Europa­politik: Vertiefung, Erweiterung, Nachbarschaft

Offener Call for Papers


ARBEITSKREIS EUROPÄISCHE INTEGRATION

Daniel Engel

Inter­na­tionale Handlungs­fähigkeit der Europäischen Union durch gemischte Abkommen

Benjamin Rego

Das südliche Mittelmeer

Sigita Urdze

Nord- und Südkaukasus in der europäischen Nachbarschaft: Trian­gulare funktionale Kooper­ation oder Wettbewerb in einer hetero­genen Region. Russland, EU und Kaukasus


Tagungsplanung des AEI für das Jahr 2015


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ISSN 0720–5120

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