EUCACIS Online Paper No. 1: From the Soviet System to Bologna: A Critical Analysis of Doctoral Education Reforms in Kazakhstan

Sholpan Tazabek delivers a critical policy analysis of doctoral education reforms that have been made since Kazakhstan’s independence in 1991. The author gives insights to the transition from a Soviet to the Bologna system that help understand the challenges of doctoral education in the country. Ultimately, the research finds that although the shift to the European model of a PhD is a major step for Kazakhstan towards the integration into the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), some improvements are needed from the doctoral programs to meet the existing shortcomings.

EUCACIS Online Paper No. 1 can be downloaded here.