EUCACIS Online Paper No. 1: From the Soviet System to Bologna: A Critical Analysis of Doctoral Education Reforms in Kazakhstan

Sholpan Tazabek delivers a critical policy analysis of doctoral education reforms that have been made since Kazakhstan’s indepen­dence in 1991. The author gives insights to the transition from a Soviet to the Bologna system that help under­stand the challenges of doctoral education in the country. Ultimately, the research finds that although the shift to the European model of a PhD is a major step for Kazakhstan towards the integration into the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), some impro­ve­ments are needed from the doctoral programs to meet the existing shortcomings.

EUCACIS Online Paper No. 1 can be downloaded here.